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|Last updated December 12, 1998
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Doris is the name of two regions :
Anyway, the story of the invasion of Peloponnese by the Dorians is closely linked to that of the return of the Heraclidæ in what they viewed as their country, taken away from their ancestor Heracles by Eurystheus, the king of Mycenæ. Indeed, among the many deeds of Heracles, there is the story of his alliance with Ægimius, a son of Dorus, whom he helped win a victory over the Lapithes of king Coronus. In thanksgiving, Ægimius adopted Heracles' son Hyllus and gave him a third of his kingdom, as he did with his two sons Dymas and Pamphylus (the three of them became the eponyms of the three Dorian tribes : Hylleis, Dymanes and Pamphyloi). Hyllus himself, at the head of Heracles' sons, could not recover Peloponnese, but this was done two generations later by his offspring.
Aside from most of Peloponnese except for Arcadia, Dorians, in historical times, had settled islands of southern Cyclades such as Melos and Thera, parts of Crete, and that part of southern Asia Minor called Doris, along the coast of Caria, where they had founded several cities gathered in what was called the Hexapolis : Halicarnassus, Cnidus, Cos and three cities of the island of Rhodes : Lindus, Ialysus and Camirus (Herodotus' Histories, I, 144). But Dorians settlements could also be found in Sicily (including Syracuse, Gela and Acragas), Italy (Tarentum), the Ionian Islands (Corcyra), Africa (Cyrene) and the coast of the Black Sea (including Byzantium), many of these being colonies of Corinth.