|© 1998 Bernard SUZANNE||Last updated December 12, 1998|
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This page is part of the "tools" section of a site, Plato and his dialogues, dedicated to developing a new interpretation of Plato's dialogues. The "tools" section provides historical and geographical context (chronology, maps, entries on characters and locations) for Socrates, Plato and their time. By clicking on the minimap at the beginning of the entry, you can go to a full size map in which the city or location appears. For more information on the structure of entries and links available from them, read the notice at the beginning of the index of persons and locations.
Promontory on the Ionian coast between Ephesus
and Miletus, facing the island of Samos
Mycale was also the name of a summit on that promontory, on which a confederacy of twelve Ionian cities founded in Asia Minor by Ionians coming from Attica and what later became Achaia in northern Peloponnese, collectively called the Paniones (etymologically, "all the Ionians pan Iônes"), had erected a sanctuary to Poseidon called the Panionion where they celebrated a yearly festival called Panionia. The twelve cities of the Ionian confederacy included, from south to north, the Carian cities of Miletus (the leading city of Ionia), Myous and Priene, the Lydian cities of Ephesus, Colophon, Lebedus, Teos, Clazomenæ and Phocæa, plus Samos and Chios on the islands of the same names, and Erythræus on the mainland facing Chios (Herodotus' Histories, I, 142-148).
Cape Mycale was, in 479, the site of a naval victory of a Greek fleet over a Persian fleet, which, after the victories of Salamis and Platæa, marked the end of the first phase of the second Persian War and of Persian incursions on Greeek mainand.