|© 1998 Bernard SUZANNE||Last updated November 29, 1998|
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This page is part of the "tools" section of a site, Plato and his dialogues, dedicated to developing a new interpretation of Plato's dialogues. The "tools" section provides historical and geographical context (chronology, maps, entries on characters and locations) for Socrates, Plato and their time. By clicking on the minimap at the beginning of the entry, you can go to a full size map in which the city or location appears. For more information on the structure of entries and links available from them, read the notice at the beginning of the index of persons and locations.
Region of Asia Minor in what is today's central Turkey.
After being part of the Median empire, Cappadocia had become part of the Persian empire in the time of Cyrus the Great toward the middle of the VIth century B. C. It was populated by Hittites that the Greeks called Syrians (Herodotus' Histories, I, 72). In his attempt to overthrow Cyus, Croesus, king of Lydia, tried unsucessfully to invade Cappadocia before being defeated by Cyrus (Herodotus' Histories, I, 71-77). In this attempt, he was helped by Thales of Miletus who was said to have devised a way to make his army cross the Halys river, then at the border between Lydia and Cappadocia, by rerouting it through a channel behind the army (Herodotus' Histories, I, 75).