|© 1998 Bernard SUZANNE||Last updated November 25, 1998|
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This page is part of the "tools" section of a site, Plato and his dialogues, dedicated to developing a new interpretation of Plato's dialogues. The "tools" section provides historical and geographical context (chronology, maps, entries on characters and locations) for Socrates, Plato and their time. By clicking on the minimap at the beginning of the entry, you can go to a full size map in which the city or location appears. For more information on the structure of entries and links available from them, read the notice at the beginning of the index of persons and locations.
A region of central Greece, north-west of Attica, between
the Gulf of Corinth west and the Ægean coast
facing the Island of Euboea east (area
Boeotia remained split between several cities that shared the same dialect during classical times. The most important of these cities was Thebes, the largest and richest of them all, in no small part due to the fertility of its territory. The Boeotian cities joined in a confederacy under the leadership of Thebes toward the later part of the VIth century B. C. and, from then on, the history of Boeotia is mostly that of Thebes and of the ups and downs of this confederacy, at times strong, at times dissolved by neighbouring victors such as Athens.
Another Boeotian city worthy of mention is Platæa, wich remained a faithful ally of Athens even when Thebes and the rest of Boeotia was against it, until it was finally razed by the Lacedemonians upon request by their Theban allies at the beginning of the Peloponesian war, in 427 (see Thucydides' Histories, III, 52-68 for the story of Platæa's capitulation and destruction after a long siege).